Two people are dead and another 100 injured after an Amtrak train moved onto the wrong tracks in a railyard where it collided with a parked CSX freight train. The train crash in South Carolina once again has safety advocates arguing that not enough is being done to protect passengers and workers on America's railroad system. Meanwhile, lawsuits have been filed against both Amtrak and CSX alleging gross negligence led to the crash.
Two Amtrak Workers Killed in Cayce, South Carolina Train Crash
On Feb. 4, 2018, Amtrak Train 91 was taking passengers from New York to Miami along the Silver Star route. On board were 139 passengers and eight crew members. As the train pulled through the CSX Transportation Subdivision in Cayce, South Carolina, it was diverted to a side track where a CSX freight train was parked.
Killed in the train crash were:
- Michael Kempf, the 54-year-old engineer on the Amtrak train, and
- Michael Cella, the 36-year-old conductor on the Amtrak train.
Approximately 100 people suffered injuries in the crash, including the conductor on the CSX train, who was thrown from the locomotive in the collision. The CSX train's engineer had already exited the train and was able to get to safety before the crash.
There were so many injured passengers that buses were brought in to take passengers to the hospital and officials temporarily made a tent into a triage area.
It became @Amtrak’s third deadly accident in less than two months@KrisVanCleave with the latest on yesterday’s train collision in South Carolina https://t.co/DXWmnONIuA pic.twitter.com/A4syuLxElm— CBS Evening News (@CBSEveningNews) February 5, 2018
Switch in Incorrect Position Following Train Track Upgrades
According to a Safety Recommendation Report issued by the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB), the track the Amtrak train was supposed to follow was locked the day before the crash to allow for Positive Train Control (PTC) upgrades. Work on the track ended for the day, but the switch blocking the track remained in place, with dispatchers using tracking warrants to guide trains through the area.
That improperly placed switch resulted in the Amtrak train being diverted to a track on which a stationary CSX freight train sat, giving the Amtrak engineer only seconds to react before the crash occurred.
"The risk of error in the manual work was not safeguarded, either by technology or supervision," the NTSB writes. "Thus, the reliance on error-free human performance for safe train movement created a single point-of-failure in the operating practices currently used and in compliance with extant regulations."
“The risk becomes magnified when the culture is not focused on vigilance and safety,” said train accident lawyer, Ronald L. M. Goldman.
In its report, the NTSB found that human error was likely the main cause of the crash. The agency recommended that after signal suspensions have been in effect the first train to approach the area should do so at a restricted speed to ensure the switch is in the correct position. Once the crew has confirmed switch's position, trains can then operate at their regular speed through the area.
NTSB: Human error likely main cause of South Carolina collision between Amtrak train and CSC freight train (from @AP) https://t.co/LpieKHZEyv— Joan Lowy (@AP_Joan_Lowy) February 15, 2018
Lawsuits Filed in the Wake of Train Crash in South Carolina
At least two lawsuits are pending following the train crash in Cayce. Christine Cella, widow of Michael Cella, filed one lawsuit. Her lawsuit alleges both CSX and Amtrak were negligent in either not knowing or not properly responding to the disabled signal in the CSX transportation subdivision.
Meanwhile, a passenger on the Amtrak train also filed a lawsuit alleging gross negligence on the part of CSX and Amtrak. James Daymon reportedly suffered injuries as a result of blunt force trauma sustained in the crash.
Daymon's suit alleges that CSX deliberately decided that it would be cheaper to pay claims related to train crashes than to install and implement Positive Train Control. Furthermore, Daymon alleges that CSX and other railroads violated federal law by not installing PTC by the initial deadline.
Safety Advocates Continue Push for Positive Train
Ironically, Positive Train Control could have prevented the crash had it been implemented sooner. Positive Train Control (PTC) is a system that uses radar and track sensors to allow a computer to operate a train if necessary, such as if a train is speeding on a slower section of track. Positive Train Control not only sends warnings to the engineer to slow the train down, but can override the engineer's actions and can prevent collisions in cases where a switch is in the wrong position.
"That's what [Positive Train Control] is designed to do," said Robert Sumwalt, chairman of the NTSB, referring to the possibility that Positive Train Control could have prevented the accident.
When legislation requiring Positive Train Control was first enacted, railroads had until 2015 to implement it, but many railroads moved so slowly on implementation that Congress extended the deadline to Dec. 31, 2018. Already, some railroads have said they will not make the extended deadline.
Mary Schiavo, former inspector general for the U.S. Department of Transportation, noted that implementing Positive Train Control is a large task, but is also vital.
"People aren't focused on it until we have tragedies," Schiavo said.
Unfortunately, until railroads take passenger safety seriously, lives will continue to be at stake.